Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CRAIG, Henry Knox, soldier, born in Fort Pitt, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 7 March, 1791; died in Washington, District of Columbia, 7 December, 1869. After being educated in Pittsburgh, he was appointed second lieutenant in the 2d artillery, 17 March, 1812, and was engaged in the occupation of Fort George and the night assault at Stony Creek, Canada. He was promoted to captain, 23 December, 1813, commanded Fort Niagara, New York, in 1814, and was transferred to the light artillery, 17 May, 1815. He was superintendent of lead-mines in Missouri and Illinois from 1821 till 1825, was made major of ordnance, 30 May, 1832, and was chief of ordnance of the army of occupation in Texas and Mexico in 1847. He distinguished himself at Palo Alto and Resaca de la Pahna, and was brevetted lieutenant colonel for bravery at Monterey, 23 September, 1846. He was made full lieutenant colonel, 25 March, 1848, was inspector of arsenals till 1851, and then became colonel of ordnance. He had charge of the ordnance bureau at Washington till 1861, and was retired from active service, 1 June, 1863. On 13 March, 1865, he was brevetted brigadier-general. In 1861 Col. Craig furnished to congress, at its request; an account of the arms transferred by Secretary John born Floyd to southern arsenals in the year 1860.--His nephew, Isaac Eugene, artist, born near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, about 1830. After studying art in Pittsburgh and Philadelphia, he went to Europe in 1853, intending to devote himself to the German school, but changed his mind after spending a few days in the Louvre, and remained in Paris for study. He returned to the United States in 1855, but went to Europe again in 1862, and finally settled in Florence. His works have rarely been exhibited in public. They include "Saul and David "; " The Emigrant's Grave"; Daughter of Jairus" ; " The Brazen Serpent" ; " Pygmalion "; " Shylock Signing the Bond" ; " Peace "; "Easter Hymn "; and "Venus and Cupid." He has also painted a portrait of Joel T. Hart, the Kentucky sculptor, and some characteristic and striking views of Venice.
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