Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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ILLIERS, Henry Louis, Comte d' (eel-yay). French soldier, born in the principality of Ligne, Luxembourg, in 17507 died in Paris in 1794. He entered the French army, served in the war of American independence, and saved, at Brandyuine, his friend Pulaski, who had been dangerously wounded during the battle. He acted for a while in 1778 as ordnance officer of Lafayette, and, when peace was signed, became a member of the Society of the Cincinnati, he went to Jamaica in 1786, and was all-pointed by Charles III. chief of police of that island, but had some difficulty with the governor-general, and, being ordered to leave, tool; refuge in Guadeloupe, where in 1787, through the recommendation of the Count of Bouille, he was made lieutenant of the king in Pointe a Pitre. At the beginning of the French revolution he asked to serve in France, and, receiving the brevet of colonel, was attached in that capacity to the army of Custine, who surrendered on 23 July, 1793, in Mayence to the Prussian forces. Custine, together with Illiers and other officers of his army, was tried by a court-martial and condemned to cleattl. Count d'Illiers is the author of "Histoire de la guerre d'Amerique" (2 vols., Pointe it Pitre, 1790), and "Histoire de la domination Espagnole dans les iles de l'Amerique appelees Antilles" (2 vols., 1789).
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