Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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METCALFE, Henry, inventor, born in New York city, 29 October, 1847. He is the son of Dr. John T. Metcalfe, a well-known physician of New York city. He was graduated at the United States military academy in 1868 and served in the ordnance bureau in Washington, D. C., until 1869. From 1870 till 1875 he was assistant ordnance officer at Springfield armory, Massachusetts he was made 1st lieutenant on 23 June, 1874, and in 1876 prepared the ordnance department exhibit for the centennial exhibition. Since 1886 he has been instructor of ordnance and gunnery in the United States military academy. He invented the first detachable magazine that was used with military small arms, and has published " The Cost of Manufactures" (New York, 1885).
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