Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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SARTWELL, Henry Parker, scientist, born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 18 April, 1792; died in Penn Yah, New York, 15 November, 1867. After receiving a classical education, he began to practise medicine at nineteen years of age. He was a surgeon in the United States army during the second war with Great Britain, and subsequently settled in Bethel, Ontario County, New York, where he devoted himself to the study of botany, He removed to Penn Yan, New York, in 1830, where he continued to reside, His botanical labors extended over a period of forty-six years, and his collections of American plants are found in many herbariums in Europe and America. About 1846 he gave his entire attention to the study of the genus Carex. one of the most extensive trod difficult of the vegetable kingdom, lie then conceived the idea of gathering and grouping all the indigenous species of Carex in North America, which resulted in his publication of his work entitled " Carices Americane Septentrionalis Exsic-eatae" (2 vols., New York, 1848). The third part of this work, intended to include fifty new species, was begun, and more than forty species had already been collected for it, when he died. His herbarium. the labor of forty years, containing about 8,000 species, is now in Hamilton college, New York Hr. Sartwell kept daily records of the weather for forty years previous to his death, which were lmblished in Penn Yan, and sent, to the Smithsonian institution. Hamilton college recognized his work by conferring upon him the degree of Ph.D. in 1864.
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