Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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BURTON, Henry S., soldier, born in New York in 1818 ; died in Fort Adams, Newport, Rhode Island, 4 April, 1869. He was appointed to the United States military academy from Vermont, was graduated in 1839, and served as second lieutenant of the 3d artillery in the Florida war from 1839 till 1842. He was made first lieutenant, 11 November, 1839, and was an assistant instructor at West Point from 16 June, 1843, till 5 August, 1846. He served in the Mexican war as lieutenant colonel of New York volunteers, distinguished himself by his defense of La Paz, Lower California, and was also engaged at Todos Santos. He was made captain, 22 September, 1847, and remained in California on duty in various forts most of the time till 1862, when, having been promoted to major on 14 May, 1861, he had charge of the prisoners of war at Fort Delaware until September, 1863. He was made colonel of the 5th artillery, 11 August, 1863, and commanded the artillery reserve of the army of the Potomac from January till May, 1864. He was inspector of artillery in the Richmond campaign, and held the same office in the department of the east from 7 September till 2 December, 1864, when he became a member of the retiring board, and served there till 15 May, 1865. He was brevetted brigadier-general, United States army, 13 March, 1865, for services at the capture of Petersburg, and commanded his regiment, stationed in various forts, for the remainder of his life. From October, 1868, till March, 1869, he was member of a court-martial in New York city.
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