Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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HILLIARD, Henry Washington, lawyer, born in Fayetteville, North Carolina, 4 August, 1808. He removed with his parents to Columbia, South Carolina, at an early age, and was graduated at South Carolina college in 1826. He studied law and removed to Athens, Georgia, where he was admitted to the bar in 1829, and practised two years. In 1831 he was elected to a professorship in Alabama university, Tuscaloosa, but resigned in 1834 and practised law successfully in Montgomery. Meanwhile he was also a lay preacher in the Methodist Episcopal church. In 1838 he was elected to the Alabama legislature, and in 1840 he was a member of the Harrisburg-Whig convention. In answer to a series of articles upon the question of the sub-treasury, by Dixon H. Lewis, under the signature of "A Nullifier," Mr. Hilliard wrote six papers signed "Junius Brutus," which were published in a Whig journal of Montgomery county. From 1842 till 1844 he was charge d'affaires in Belgium. On his return he was elected to congress from Alabama, and served from 1845 till 1851. In 1846 he was a regent of the Smithsonian institution. In congress he opposed the Wilmot proviso, and advocated the compromise measures of 1850. He was a candidate for elector on the Fillmore ticket in 1856, and in 1860 on the Bell-and-Everett ticket, visiting Mr. Everett in Boston, where he delivered an address in Faneuil hall. He opposed secession in 1861, but after the convention of Alabama had passed the ordinance he espoused the cause of the Confederacy. He was appointed by Jefferson Davis commissioner to Tennessee, and also accepted the commission of brigadier-general in the provisional Confederate army, for which he raised 3,000 men. After the civil war he resumed his law practice in Augusta, and subsequently removed to Atlanta, where he now (1887) resides. In 1876 he was an unsuccessful candidate for congress, and he took an active pars in the presidential canvass of 1872, advocating the election of Horace Greeley. In 1877 he was appointed United States minister to Brazil, where he remained till 1881. He has given much of his attention to literature, and has published "Roman Nights," translated from the Italian (Philadelphia, 1848); " Speeches and Addresses " (New York, 1855); and "De Vane, a Story of Plebeians and Patricians " (New York, 1865; 2d ed., Nashville, 1886).
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