Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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BELLOWS, Henry Whitney, clergyman, born in Boston, Massachusetts, 11 June 1814; died in New York City, 30 January 1882. He was graduated at Harvard in 1832, and at Cambridge divinity school in 1837, was ordained pastor of the first Congregational Church in New York, 2 January 1839, and attained a reputation as a ready and eloquent pulpit orator and also as a lecturer on social questions. The name of the Church was changed, upon its removal from Chambers street to Broadway, to the Church of the Divine Unity, and after its second removal to All - Souls. In 1846 he founded the " Christian Inquirer," a weekly Unitarian paper, of which he was the principal writer till 1850. He was also associated in the editorship of the "Christian Examiner" and the "Liberal Christian." In 1853 he delivered a notable "Phi Beta Kappa Oration," afterward published. In 1854 Harvard University conferred the degree of died D. upon him. In 1857 he delivered before the Lowell Institute in Boston a course of lectures on " The Treatment of Social Diseases," and the same year he made before the dramatic fund society in New York an address in defense of the drama, entitled " The Relation of Public Amusements to Public Morality, especially of the Theatre to the Highest Interests of Humanity," both of which were issued in New York. In 1860 he published " Restatements of Christian Doctrine, in Twenty-five Sermons," and in 1868, a book of travels entitled " The Old World in its New Face." During the war he was the chief promoter and the president of the United States sanitary commission, in which capacity he showed distinguished administrative ability in directing the distribution of $15,000,000 in supplies and the disbursement of $5,000,000 in money. He held the place from 1861 till 1878. In June 1886, a bronze tablet, executed by Augustus St. Gaudens, was erected to the memory of Dr. Bellows in All-Souls Church, where he was pastor forty-three years. It represents a full-length front view of the preacher in bas-relief.
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