Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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HOLST, Hermann Eduard yon, historian, born in Fellin, Livonia, 19 June, 1841. He studied history in the universities of Dorpat and Heidelberg, anal was made doctor at the latter in 1865. In 1866 he settled in St. Petersburg, but in consequence of a pamphlet on an attempt on the life of the emperor, which he published at Leipsic while travelling abroad, his return to Russia was forbidden, he decided to emigrate to the United States in July of the same year, and settled in New York, where, in the autumn of 1869, he became assistant editor, under Alexander J. Schem, of the "Deutsch-Amerikanisches Conversations-Lexicon." His German work on "Louis XIV." appeared in Leipsic soon after he arrived in the United States. He subsequently became a contributor to several American journals. He was called to a professorship of history in Strasburg university in 1872, and in 1874 was given the chair of modern history at Freiburg. Afterward he revisited the United States, and lectured at Johns Hopkins university. His principal work is "Verfassung und Demokratie der vereinigten Staaten yon Amerika," the first volume of which appeared in Berlin and Dusseldorf in 1873, and the second in 1878; translated by J. J. Lalor and A. B. Mason under the title "The Constitutional and Political History of the United States, 1750-1833" (5 vols., Chicago, 1876-'85). He is also the author of the life of John C. Calhoun in the "American Statesmen" series (Boston, 1882), and "The Constitutional Law of the United States of America" (Chicago, 1887).
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HOLSTEIN, or DUCOUDRAY-HOLSTEIN, La Fayette Villaume, soldier, born in Germany in 1763; died in Albany, New York, 23 April, 1839. He was a general in the French army under Napoleon, and, after the overthrow of the latter, went to South America, where he served under General Simon Bolivar, but, removing to the United States afterward, settled in Albany, New York, where he became a teacher of languages in the academy, and edited "The Zodiac." He is the author of "Recollections of an Officer of the Empire"; "Histoire de Bolivar," continued by A. Viollet (Paris, 1831); "Memoirs of Lafayette" (New York, 1824); and "The New French Reader" (Albany, 1836).
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