Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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BERRY, Hiram George, soldier, born in Thomas-ton (now Rockland), Maine, 27 August 1824: died at Chancellorsville, Virginia, 2 May 1863. He learned the carpenter's trade, and afterward engaged in navigation. He represented his native town in the state legislature several times, and was mayor of the city of Rockland. He originated and commanded for several years the Rockland guard, a volunteer company, which attained a high reputation for drill and discipline. At the beginning of the civil war he entered the service as colonel of the 4th Maine infantry. He took part in the battle of Bull Run and the siege of Yorktown, was made a Brigadier-General 4 April 1862, his commission dating from 17 March 1862, and was given command of the 3d brigade of the 3d division of Heintzehnan's 3d army corps, He was present at the battles of Williamsburg and Fair Oaks, bore a conspicuous part in the seven days' fight, and was in the second Bull Run campaign and Chantillv. In January 1863, he was nominated by the president as Major-General of volunteers, with rank dating from 29 November 1862, confirmed by the senate on 9 March 1863, and placed in command of the 2d division of the 3d army corps, succeeding General Sickles. At a critical juncture in the battle of Chancellorsville General Berry received an order from General Hooker to charge upon the advancing foe. It read:" Go in, general; throw your men into the breach; don't fire a shot*they can't see you*but charge home with the bayonet." They did charge home, and for three hours General Berry's division, almost alone, withstood the attack of the enemy flushed with previous victory, drove them back, and regained a portion of their lost ground. The battle was renewed the next morning, and again Berry and his division were in the front, and receiving the first assault. Intent upon driving them back, he headed one of his brigades in several successful bayonet charges, and in one of them was killed by a shot from the enemy.
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