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PARANA, Honorio Hermeto Carneiro Leao (pah-rah-nah'), Marquis of, Brazilian statesman, born in Minas Geraes, 11 January, 1801; died in Rio Janeiro, 3 September, 1856. He received his preparatory education in Minas Geraes, and was graduated in law at the University of Coimbra in 1825. He entered the magistracy, and in 1829 became chief judge of l he court of appeals of Pernambuco. Entering parliament in 1830, Leao allied himself to the Liberal party, and in 1831 was one of the deputies that protested against the policy of the emperor. After the abdication of Pedro I. he had much influence in the councils of the moderate Liberal party, and in 1832 he brought about the resignation of the ministry and the regency. In 1840 he opposed the declaration of the majority of Pedro II. In 1841 the Conservative party was again called to power, but the emperor chose Leao senator from the list that was offered by the province of Minas Geraes in 1842. When the Liberal revolts broke out in S. Paulo and Minas Geraes, Leao, who was president of Rio Janeiro, rendered important services to the cause of order. He was minister of foreign relations in 1843, in 1849 president of Pernambuco, and in 1851 envoy to the Argentine Republic. In 1853 he was called to form a ministry, and for three years he was at its head, but his health was undermined by over-work in his continued struggle against the Conservative party, and he fell sick suddenly in the department of state and died soon afterward. In 1852 he had been created Viscount, and in 1854 Marquis of Parana.
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