Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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PAINE, Horace Marshfield, physician, born in Paris, Oneida County, New York, 19 November, 1827. He was educated at Newark, New Jersey. graduated in medicine at the University of the city of New York in 1849, and began to practise as a homoeopathist in Albany, where he has continued, with the exception of the years 1855-'65, when he was in Clinton, New York Dr. Paine has been identified with the liberal branch of his school, rejecting many of the theories of its founder. He has made many efforts toward the union of all qualified medical practitioners without regard to therapeutic belief, and the present standing of homeopathy is due largely to his labors. He is the inventor of various appliances for the treatment of uterine disorders, and is a member of numerous medical associations. In 1887 he was elected president of the State homeopathic medical society. He was an editor of the " Medical Union" of New York in 1873-'4, and is the author of many contributions to medical literature.--His brother, John Alsop, archeologist, born in Newark, New Jersey, 14 January, 1840, was graduated at Hamilton in 1859 and at Andover theological seminary in 1862, but was not ordained till 1867. Having engaged in original investigations in several branches of science and natural history, especially in that of botany, he made many additions to the flora of the state of New York, under the appointment and by the aid of the regents of the University of New York, who published his "Plants of Oneida County and Vicinity" (Albany, 1865), he was appointed to the chair of natural science at Robert college, Constantinople, in 1867, which post he held until 1869, and from which he received the degree of Ph.D. in 1874, in 1870 he was appointed professor of natural history and German at Lake Forest university, Illinois In 1871 he became an associate editor of the "Independent." In 1872 he was appointed archaeologist to the first expedition that was sent by the Palestine exploration society to regions east of the Jordan and the Dead sea. In 1873 he discovered and deciphered one Roman and two Greek inscriptions near Beirfit, Syria, the chief one of which, in Greek, he made the subject of a special report, and it was published in the "Second Statement" of the society (1873). His reports of the discoveries during the first season of the expedition, chiefly the identification of Mount Pisgah, comprise the "Third Statement" issued by the society. In 1882-'4 he edited and published "The Journal of Christian Philosophy," and in 1887 he became a member of the editorial staff of the dictionary that is in preparation by the Century company. Professor Paine is a member of various learned societies. He has contributed a large number of articles on oriental subjects to magazines and periodicals, and has now (1888)in preparation an abridgment of Dr. Edward Robinson's "Biblical Researches in Palestine," supplemented by a review of all discoveries and results that have been more recently added in sacred geography.
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