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HACKETT, Horatio Balch, biblical scholar, born in Salisbury, Massachusetts, 27 December, 1808; died in Rochester, New York, 2 November, 1S75. He was graduated at Amherst in 1S30, studied theology at Andover seminary until 1884, and afterward at Halle and Berlin, in Germany. He became a tutor in Amherst, in 1835 professor of ancient languages in Brown university, and in 1839 of biblical literature in Newton theological institution. In 1851-'2 he travelled in Italy, Egypt, Palestine, and other countries. In 1S58-'9 he resided several months in Athens, for the purpose of studying modern Greek, as auxiliary to the interpretation of the New Testament, and visited places in and near Greece possessing a biblical interest. In 1869 he resigned his professorship at Newton, and in 1870 became professor of New Testament Greek in Rochester theological seminary. In 1862 Amherst conferred on him the degrees of D. D. and LL. D. He published Plutarch's "De Sera Numinis Vindicta," with notes (Andover, 1844); translated and enlarged Winer's "Chaldee Grammar" (1845); and issued a "Hebrew Grammar" and "Hebrew Reader" (1847); a" Commentary on the Acts" (Boston, 1851; new ed., greatly extended, 185S); "Illustrations of Scripture suggested by a Tour through the Holy Land" (1855); translation of the "Epistle to Philemon, with Notes" (1860); "Memorials of Christian Men in the War" (1864); translation of Van Oosterzee's "Commentary on Philemon," for Schaff's edition of Lange's "Commentary" (1868); and translation of Braune's "Commentary on Philippians," with additions, for Lange's "Commentary" (1870). He contributed to the English edition of Smith's "Dictionary of the Bible," and with Dr. Ezra Abbott edited the American edition. He also edited the American edition of Rawlinson's "Historical Illustrations of the Old Testament," with notes and appendix (1878). He was one of the American revisers of the English Bible, and contributed much to religious periodicals.
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