Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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BRIDGE, Horatio, naval officer, born in Augusta, Maine, 8 April, 1806. He was graduated at Bowdoin in 1825. Among his classmates were Nathaniel Hawthorne, George B. Cheerer, John S. C. Abbott, and Henry W. Longfellow. After the usual three years' course of study he was admitted to the bar in 1S28, and practiced for ten years, at first in Showhegan, and afterward in Augusta. In 1838 he was appointed a paymaster in the United States navy. He was assigned to the "Cyane," and cruised in her until 1841, when, after an interval of shore duty, he was ordered to the "Saratoga," and in her visited the African coast. After his return he published "The Journal of an African Cruiser" (New York, 1845), the authorship of which is usually accredited to his classmate, Nathaniel Hawthorne. Hawthorne in fact, edited the book from Bridge's notes. In 1846-'8 he cruised in the Mediterranean and off the African coast in the frigate "United States." From 1849 till 1851 he was stationed at Portsmouth navy yard. Near the close of 1851 he sailed for the Pacific in the "Portsmouth," and while on this cruise was ordered home and assigned to duty as chief of the bureau of provisions and clothing, the duties of which he faithfully performed for nearly fifteen years, covering the whole period of the civil war, and involving transactions and disbursements to the amount of many millions of dollars. In July, 1869, he resigned this place, and was assigned to duty as chief inspector of provisions and clothing until he reached the legal limit of age for active duty, when he was retired with the rank of commodore.
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