Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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HILDRETH, Hosea, clergyman, born in Chelmsford, Massachusetts, 2 January, 1782; died in Sterling, Vermont, I0 July, 1835. He was a descendant of Richard Hildreth, who emigrated from England in 1643. His father removed to Sterling, Vermont, where he purchased a farm. Hosea was graduated at Harvard in 1805, and studied theology. He engaged in teaching until 1811, when he became professor of mathematics in Phillips Exeter academy, where he remained till 1825. In that year he was ordained pastor of a Congregational church in Gloucester, Massachusetts, which was afterward divided by the Unitarian controversy. An orthodox church was then established in his parish, of which he held charge until he resigned in 1833. In 1834 he became pastor of a small church in Westborough. He was an advocate of the temperance reform, and was agent of the Massachusetts temperance society. He delivered a Dudleian lecture at Harvard in 1829, and published various sermons. -His son, Richard, author, born in Deerfield, Massachusetts, 22 June, 1807; died in Florence, Italy, 11 July, 1865, was graduated at Harvard in 1826. He was admitted to the bar in 1830, and practised law in Newburyport and Boston until 1832, when he became co-editor of the " Boston Atlas," a daily newspaper. This was the exponent or organ of Rufus Choate, Caleb Cushing, and other rising politicians, who were then associated together, and for several years Mr. Hildreth's connection with the new paper gave it a decided pre-eminence among the political journals of New England. His articles were remarkable for the vehemence of their tone, the closeness of their reasoning, and their elaborate historical illustrations. In 1837 he wrote a series of articles for the "Atlas" against the annexation of Texas, and spent the winter of 1837-'8 in Washington as correspondent of that journal. He then resumed his editorial post, advocated General Harrison's election to the presidency, and wrote a biography of his candidate. In 1840 he went to Demerara. British Guiana, where he edited successively " The Guiana Chronicle." and "The Royal Gazette," which supported the policy of the British government in the abolition of slavery. He also edited a compilation of the colonial laws of British Guiana, with an historical introduction. For several years he was connected with the New York "Tribune." and also contributed articles to the "American Cyclopaedia." In 1861 he was appointed United States consul at Trieste, where he remained until ill health compelled him to relinquish his post. His publications are " The Slave, or Memoir of Archy Moore." an anti-slavery novel (1836; new ed., entitled "The White Slave," 1852); "History of Banks" (Boston, 1857); a translation of Bentham's "Theory of Legislation," from the French of Dumont (2 vols., Boston, 1C40); " Theory of Morals" (Boston, 1844); " Theory of Politics " (New York, 1853); "Despotism in America" (Boston, 1854); "Japan as it Was and Is" (Boston, 1855);" History of the United States" (6 vols., New York, 1849-'56); and a compilation from Lord Campbell's" Lives of Atrocious Judges" (Philadelphia, 1857). Among his pamphlets was a letter to Professor Andrews Norton on "Miracles."
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