Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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McLEOD, Hugh, soldier, born in New York city, 1 August, 1814; died in Dumfries, Virginia, 2 January, 1862. He was graduated at the United States military academy in 1835, and entered the army as 2d lieutenant, but resigned the same year and joined the Texan forces in their struggle with Mexico, also commanding a company in the battle with the Cherokees in 1839. He then studied and subsequently practised law. In 1841, with the rank of brigadier-general, he commanded an expedition to Santa Fe theft was sent by President Mirabeau B. Lamar to open trade with New Mexico, and fell into the hands of the Mexicans, who treacherously disregarded the flag of truce. After being held a prisoner for nearly a year, he was released through the intercession of the United States government. He was a member of the Texas congress in 1842-'3, and served throughout the Mexican war, and subsequently in the state legislature after the annexation of Texas. He joined the Confederate army in 1861, directed the movement against the United States forts on the Rio Grande, and was commissioned successively major, lieutenant-colonel, and colonel of the 1st Texas regiment, with which he participated in the first Virginia campaign.
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