Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CRANE, Ichabod B., soldier, born in New Jersey; died in Port Richmond, Staten Island, New York, 5 October 1857. He was appointed second lieutenant of marines in January 1809; captain of 3d artillery in April 1812 ; brevet major in November 1813 ; major in the 4th artillery in September 1825; lieutenant colonel in 2d artillery, 3 November 1832; colonel in 1st artillery, 27 June 1843; and governor of the Military asylum at Washington in May 1851, in which latter capacity he acted till November 1853.--His :son, Charles Henry, surgeon-general, U. S. A., born in Newport, R. I., 19 July 1825; died in Washington, D. C., 10 October 1883. He was graduated at Yale in 1844, and studied medicine at Harvard medical school. In 1847 he passed the examination as acting assistant surgeon, and was at once ordered to Mexico, and, after attaining the full grade of assistant surgeon, served with the army of invasion till July 1848. During the ten years that followed he was stationed in almost every state and territory of the Union, and was repeatedly in the field with expeditionary forces against the Indians, notably that against the Rogue River tribe in 1856. He was promoted surgeon, 21 May 18(}1, and in February 1862, was assigned to duty as medical director, Department of Key West. On 3O June he was appointed medical director, Department of the South. In September 186a, he was placed on duty in the surgeon-general's office in Washington, and became assistant surgeon-general, with the rank of colonel, 28 July 1866. On the retirement of surgeon-general Barnes, 3 July 1882, he became surgeon-general of the U. S. army. He received brevets to include the rank of brigadier-general in the regular service at the close of the civil war. One of his most noteworthy characteristics was the facility with which he managed the complicated routine of his office, and the good judgment that he brought to bear in reconciling the often-conflicting interests of the army medical corps when it was at its numerical maximum during the civil war.
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