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Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century biographies contain errors and bias. We rely on volunteers to edit the historic biographies on a continual basis. If you would like to edit this biography please submit a rewritten biography in text form . If acceptable, the new biography will be published above the 19th Century Appleton's Cyclopedia Biography citing the volunteer editor





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Ignacio Mariscal

MARISCAL, Ignacio, born in Oajaca, Mexico, 5 July, 1829. He studied in his native city, and practised law in the city of Mexico, where he was admitted to the bar of the supreme court inDecember, 1849. In 1850 he returned to Oajaca, and was appointed solicitor general of that state, in which capacity he remained until March, 1853 when the revolution that placed Santa-Anna in power expelled him as a Liberal from his native city. Then he went again to the city of Mexico, where he practised his profession. In 1856 he was elected a member of the National congress that made the constitution of 1857, which is now in force in Mexico. During 1859 he was supernumerary judge of the supreme court of Oajaca. In 1860 he was Federal judge for the circuit of the three states of Vera Cruz, Puebla, and Oajaca. In 1861-'2 he was representative for Oajaca in congress. Early in 1861 he had been appointed counsellor of the government for the execution of the laws regarding the alienation of property. At the end of 1862 he was appointed by President Juarez, according to extraordinary powers from congress, supernumerary judge ad interim of the supreme court of the republic. At the beginning of 1863 he left the supreme court, being appointed assistant secretary of state ad interim by Don Juan Antonio de la Fuente, then the secretary. Mr. Mariscal went in this capacity, with President Juarez and his cabinet, to San Luis Potosi, in May of that year, on the approach of the French. In August he resigned his temporary office, and came to the United States as secretary of the Mexican legation, remaining in Washington until October. 1867, when he was accredited as charge d'affaires ad interim. In the spring of 1868 he went to Mexico, having been appointed by President Juarez minister of justice. Shortly afterward he was elected representative to congress, and later judge of the supreme court, which post, he held until July of the same year, when President Juarez appointed him secretary of justice and of public instruction. Having studied English jurisprudence during his stay in the United States, he advocated in Mexico the establishment of criminal juries, and succeeded in securing it. Mr. Mariscal was appointed in June, 1869, Mexican minister to the United States, and remained as such until May, 1871, when he went home to fill the appointment of secretary of foreign affairs. He returned to Washington in July, 1872, and held the post of minister again until 1877, after the triumph of the Tuxtepec revolution, headed by General Diaz, against Lerdo's government, when he returned to Mexico. After the Tuxtepec revolution had been sanctioned by the country and General Diaz was elected president, Mariscal was appointed magistrate of the court of appeals of the Federal district, and in December, 1879, secretary of justice and of public instruction, he succeeded at that time in reforming the codes of proceedings that he had before introduced at the department of justice. On 22 November, 1880, he was appointed secretary of foreign affairs, mid he arranged shortly afterward the renewal of diplomatic relations between Mexico and France. This post he held until May, 1883, when, an agreement having been made for" the renewal of official relations between Mexico and Great Britain, he was appointed minister at the court of St. James. He remained in London until 1 December, 1884, when General Diaz, who had been re-elected president, appointed him secretary of foreign affairs, which post he still (1888) holds. During Mariscal's service at the state department in Mexico, several questions of the greatest gravity were settled, including that of the boundary dispute with Guatemala.

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