Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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PILAT, Ignatz Anton, landscape-gardener, born in St. Agatha, Austria, 27 June, 1820; died in New York city, 17 September, 1870. He received a collegiate education at Vienna., and studied at the botanical gardens in that city and Schanbrunn. His first work of magnitude was laying out Prince Metternich's grounds. He remained attached to the imperial botanical gardens in Schonbrunn from 1843 till 1853, when he came to this country and became chief gardener on Thomas Metcalf's estate near Augusta, Ga. He held this post till 1856, when he returned to Vienna, and was made director of the botanical gardens; but after a short stay in his native land he returned to New York, and in 1857 was appointed chief landscape-gardener in Central park. In addition to his personal superintendence of the entire park, which continued till his death, he planned and superintended many improvements in the public squares of the city of New York. He wrote a work on botany (Vienna), and a small one on landscape-gardening (Linz, Austria).
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