Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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POUNDMAKER, Indian chief, born near Battle-ford, Northwest territory, British America, in 1826; died at Gleichen, near Calgary, 4 July, 1886. As chief of the Cree nation, he first came into public notice in connection with the tour of the Marquis of Lorne, governor-general of Canada, and his party through the northwest in 1881, when he acted as their guide from Battleford to Calgary. Believing that the Canadian government was false to its promise of relief to the Indians, he was induced by Louis Riel (q. v.) to take the field with the warriors of his nation. At the battle of Cut Knife Creek, thirty-five miles from Battleford, with 350 Indian warriors, he displayed great bravery in holding the regular troops under Lieutenant-Colonel Otter at bay for more than four hours. Though the fight was indecisive and the losses about equal, Lieutenant-Colonel Otter thought it expedient to retire to Battleford. On another occasion Poundmaker surprised and .captured a supply-train that was carrying provisions to the troops. After the battle of Batache and the capture of Riel, Poundmaker, after giving up the prisoners that he held, surrendered himself to General Middleton. He was subsequently sent to Regina, tried for the part he took in the rebellion, and sentenced on 18 August, 1885, to three years' imprisonment in the Stony Mountain penitentiary. In reply to a question by tile judge, Poundmaker said: "I am a man, do as you like. I am in your power. I gave myself up ; you could not catch me." After sentence was pronounced, he asked to be hanged at. once, as he preferred death to imprisonment. He was released after a year's confinement, and died while on a visit to Crowfoot, chief of the Blackfoot Indians, his relative by marriage. He was of genial disposition, possessed considerable intellectual force and keenness of perception, and was devotedly attached to his race and people.
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