Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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KERGORLAY, Ires Guy, Baron de (kair'-gor'-lay'), French soldier, born in Le Moule, Guadeloupe, in 1756; died in Le Cap, Santo Domingo, in November, 1795. He was in garrison in Santo Domingo at the beginning of the American Revolution, and served during the campaigns of 1778-'82. He contributed also to drive the British from Dutch Guiana, and governed Demerara from 1782 till 1784. In 1787 he commanded the fortress of the Saintes, and from 1790 till 1794 the northwestern part of Grande Terre, Guadeloupe, where he took an active part in the repression of the troubles on the island, and resisting the English invaders, refused an honorable capitulation in 1795, and brought his forces to Santo Domingo. During the following six months he exhibited remarkable energy in fighting the negro insurgents, repelling the English, and also opposing at times the revolutionists and the royalists. He was finally tour-dered. Kergorlay left a manuscript in the Librairie nationale of l'aris, entitled " Campagnes d'un volontaire pendant la guerre d'Amerique."
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