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DELINIERSBREMONT, Jacques Antoine Marie, Soanish viceroy, born in Niort, France, 6 February 1756; died in Buenos Ayres, 26 August 1809. He entered the service of the order of Malta and afterward the Spanish navy, where he soon attained the rank of captain, and during the war with Great Britain was sent on a mission to South America. When Buenos Ayres was captured in June 1806, by the English under Beresford, Deliniers collected a force and marched against the conquerors, who capitulated 12 August with a loss of 364 killed, 1,200 prisoners, 700 muskets, 20 guns, and 3 standards. After Montevideo had been recaptured by the British forces under Auchmuty, 3 February 1807, Deliniers was attacked by them in the vicinity of Buenos Ayres, driven within its walls, and besieged by an army of 10,000 men under General Whitelock; but he defended the City valiantly, caused great losses to the British, took on 5 July 1,000 prisoners, forced them to raise the siege, and soon afterward, in consequence of the capitulation of 7 July to evacuate Montevideo and abandon the whole country within two months. For these services he was made viceroy of Buenos Ayres. When the first demonstrations for independence appeared toward the end of 1808, Deliniers was driven by the insurgents from Buenos Ayres, and for his temporizing policy was superseded by Baltasar de Cisneros, sent out by the Junta de Cadiz early in 1809. Deliniers was given the title of Count of Buenos Ayres, and ordered to return to Europe, but retired to Mendoza. His deposition produced a new revolution in Buenos Ayres, and soon compelled Cisneros to abdicate; but when Deliniers, at the head of 2,000 men, whom he had collected, marched upon the capital to reestablish the royal authority, he was defeated and captured by the revolutionists, and shot in Buenos Ayres.
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