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Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century biographies contain errors and bias. We rely on volunteers to edit the historic biographies on a continual basis. If you would like to edit this biography please submit a rewritten biography in text form . If acceptable, the new biography will be published above the 19th Century Appleton's Cyclopedia Biography citing the volunteer editor





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Jacques Testard de Montigny

MONTIGNY, Jacques Testard de, Canadian soldier, born in Canada about 1662; died there in July, 1737. He went to France at an early age and entered the army. After taking part in three campaigns he returned to Canada and, as a volunteer, accompanied the expedition against Schenectady, where he was severely wounded in 1690. On his recovery he was made garde marine in 1693. At the head of an Indian force he followed Iberville to Acadia in 1696, and forced the English to surrender Fort Pemaquid, threatening to abandon them to the savages if he was obliged to take it by storm. He was then made second in command to Iberville, and ordered to take possession of the heights through which the latter intended passing on his way to besiege St. John. On the route Montigny cut to pieces an English detachment. He held another English force in check until the arrival of Iberville, and, after defeating it, continued his march to St. John, which was entered on 28 November, 1696. He afterward drove the English from Portugal cove and other strong places in Newfoundland, taking nearly 900 prisoners, whom he was obliged to release, as he had not men enough to guard them. In 1705 he took part in another expedition against Newfoundland. After the coast was reduced he occupied Carbonnidre and Bona-vista. He commanded the van of the Canadian force that opposed an unsuccessful attempt of the English to invade Canada in 1710. In 1712 he received the cross of St. Louis for his services.--His son, Jean Baptiste Testard, Canadian soldier, born in Villemarie, Canada, in 1724 ; died in Blois, France, 20 November, 1786, entered the military service at the age of twelve, and was made ensign four years afterward. He served with the garrison of Fort Frederick till 174,5, when he took part in several expeditions, in one of which he defeated an English detachment. In 1748 he commanded part of the troops that were sent to invade Connecticut, and, having been ordered to reconnoitre, advanced several leagues in front of the main body at the head of a small force. While making the circuit of a wood he suddenly came on a superior body of sixty English troops, which he routed, killing twenty and taking nine prisoners. In 1754 he was sent to Belle Rividre with 100 Indians, with directions to proceed afterward to Fort Duquesne. He did much to bring about the defeat of Braddock's army, and was proposed by the French commander for the cross of St. Louis in consequence. In 1758 he was stationed among the Miamis, who were wavering in their allegiance. He was entirely successful in his mission, and on his return to Montreal was appointed to a command in the force that was sent to besiege Oswego, where he did good service. After the capture of this town he marched, in 1758, at the head of 300 men to the aid of Fort Niagara, which was threatened by the English. He returned to Montreal in 1759, but was immediately sent back with 550 men to the same port. On the capture of Fort Niagara he was taken prisoner and kept for two years in New England. After the cession of Canada by France the English government made him tempting offers to enter their service, while the French government promised to indemnify him for his losses in Canada if he would enter theirs. He sailed for France in 1764, and was well received at court, but the government's promises were not kept, and he died in poverty.

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