Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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OGE, Jacques Vincent (o-zhay), Haytian insurgent, born in Dondon in 1750; died in Port au Prince, 26 February, 1791. He was a mulatto, descended from a rich family, and received his education in Paris, entering afterward the service of one of the German electors. At the beginning of the French revolution he returned to his native country, and was elected in 1791 a deputy to the constituent assembly. He became a prominent member of the club "' Les amis des noirs " in Paris, and interested several statesmen in the cause of the colored population of the French possessions. But, in spite of their efforts, a motion for the enfranchisement of the negroes was referred to the colonial committee of the assembly, and Oge, sailing for the United States, procured in New Orleans a supply of arms and ammunition, and landed near Cape Frangais, 23 October, 1791, at the head of 250 men. His forces were soon joined by several hundred negroes, but, instead of marching immediately on the cape, he addressed a communication to Governor Peynier, demanding that a decree of the constituent assembly that had partially enfranchised the slaves should be immediately carried into effect, and offering to disarm on that condition. The negotiations lasted for several weeks, and at the end of this time Baron de Saint Vincent marched against the rebels, who were routed after desperate actions at Dondon and at Grande Riviere. Oge barely escaped with his life and sought refuge in the Spanish part of the island. He was arrested there on demand of Peynier's successor, Count de Blanchelande, and delivered to the French authorities on condition that his life be spared, but scarcely had Oge arrived in Port au Prince when Blanchelande broke his word and executed, his prisoner.
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