Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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PINEL, Jaeqnes (pe-nel'), French buccaneer, born in St. Malo in 1640" died in Capesterre, Guadeloupe, in 1693. He followed the sea in his youth, but afterward joined the buccaneers in Tortuga, and gained both fortune and reputation by daring expeditions. In 1675, having obtained a land grant in Guadeloupe, he built upon the seaside a fortified castle, and excavated the harbor of Capesterre, which he made the headquarters of his expeditions. He was among the founders of the city of Capesterre, on his land, afforded aid and assistance to the colonial authorities, and contributed much toward developing the resources of the island. Every summer he went on marauding expeditions in the Spanish possessions, and amassed great riches. In 1685 he carried off from Santo Domingo a noble lady, and, having wed her, received letters of nobility from Louis XIV. His estate was created a marquisate, and it was the only one that ever existed in the French possessions in South America. His descendants are among the wealthiest land-owners of the West Indies, and, through alliance with historical families, are connected wit, h several royal houses of Europe. " Rich as Pinel du Manoir " is still a saying in the French west Indies, and it is said that he never knew the number of his slaves.
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