Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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McDOUGALL, James Alexander, senator, born in Bethlehem, Albany County, New York, 19 November, 1817; died in Albany, New York, 3 September, 1867. He was educated at Albany grammar-school, studied law, and settled in Pike county, Illinois, in 1837. He was attorney-general of Illinois in 1842, and was re-elected in 1844. He then engaged in engineering, and in 1849 originated and accompanied an exploring expedition to Rio del Norte, Gila, and Colorado rivers, and subsequently settled in San Francisco in the practice of law. He was elected attorney-general of California in 1850, served several terms in the legislature, and in 1852 was chosen to congress as a Democrat, but declined a renomination in 1853. He was elected United States senator in 1860, served till 1867, and was chairman of the committee on the Pacific railroad. Mr. McDougall was a War Democrat, and was a delegate to the Chicago convention that nominated General George B. McClellan for president. On the expiration of his senatorial term he retired to Albany, New York He was an eloquent and effective speaker.
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