Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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HARDIE, James Allen, soldier, born in New York city, 5 May, 1823; died in Washington, D. C., 5 May, 1876. He was graduated at the United States military academy in 1843, and entered the artillery service. He was an assistant professor of geography, history, and ethics at West Point in 1844-'6, and served as company officer in garrison, frontier, and Indian service till 1861. During the Mexican war he commanded a New York regiment of volunteers, with the rank of major, and in 1857 he was appointed captain in the 3d artillery. He was transferred to the 5th artillery in 1861, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel and aide-de-camp, and served on General McClellan's staff during the peninsular and Maryland campaigns, and on that of General Burnside in the battles around Fredericksburg. He was made brigadier-general Of volunteers, 29 November, 1862, assistant adjutant-general in 1863, assigned to special duty in the war department, and was assistant secretary to Sec. Edwin M. Stanton while he held office. General Hardie was appointed inspector-general in 1864, and in 1865 was brevetted brigadier- and major-general, United States army, for his services during the war. In 1866 he was senior member of the commission to inspect ordnance and ordnance stores in forts and arsenals, and commissioner to audit the military claims of Kansas, Montana, Dakota, California, and Oregon. He edited numerous military reports.
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