Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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ARMSTRONG, James, naval officer, born in Shelbyville, Kentucky, 17 January 1794; died 27 August 1868. He joined the navy as midshipman in 1809, and was assigned to the sloop of war "Frolic," which was captured by the British 20 April 1814, her guns having been thrown overboard during the chase in the hope of escaping from a superior enemy. He rose by the regular steps of promotion to be a captain in 1841. He commanded the East India squadron in 1855, and assisted at the capture of the barrier forts near Canton, China, in 1857. He was in command of the navy yard at Pensacola, Fla., when that state seceded in 1861, and surrendered without resistance when a greatly superior military force demanded possession. In 1866 he was pro-rooted to be commodore.
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