Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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BANKHEAD, James, soldier, born in Virginia in 1783; died in Baltimore, Maryland, 11 November 1856. He was a son of James Bankhead, of Port Royal, an officer in the revolutionary army. He was appointed captain in the 5th infantry on 18 June 1808: was brigade major to General Smyth in 1812; became assistant adjutant-general, 5 March 1813; major 4th infantry, 15 August 1813: adjutant-general, 9 September 1813 ; and Lieutenant-Colonel. 3d artillery, 26 April 1832. On 7 July 1838, he was brevetted colonel for meritorious conduct in the Florida campaign, and on 16 September commanded the 2d artillery. He distinguished himself at the siege of Vera Cruz. and in return for his services on that occasion was brevetted Brigadier-General on 29 March 1847. In January 1848, lie was commander of the department of Orizaba, Mexico, and at the time of his death commanded the military department of the east.*t[is son, John Pine, naval officer, born in South Carolina, 3 August 1821; died near Aden, Arabia,, 27 April 186'7. He entered the navy as a midshipman 6 August 1838, and became lieutenant in 1852. During the civil war he was on duty on the "Susquehanna," and at the capture of Port Royal, 7 November 1861, he commanded the "Pembina," and also the "Florida" at the capture of Fernandina, 3 May 1862. In the same year was made commander, and commanded the famous "Monitor" when she foundered off Cape Hatteras on the morning of 31 December 1862, on which occasion he displayed much courage. The vessel was filling rapidly, and Bankhead ordered the crew to leave on the "Rhode Island's" boat, which was approaching. While the sea was breaking over the '" Monitor's" deck, already partially submerged. Bankhead held the painter until the boat was full of men, and did not leave the vessel so long as he could do anything for the safety of the crew. He was made captain in 1866, and after the war commanded the " Wyoming," of the East India squadron. In March 1867, ill-health compelled him to resign, and he died on board the steamer that was bringing him home.
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