Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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FRY, James Barnet, soldier, born in Carrollton, Greene County, Illinois, 22 February 1827. He was graduated at the U. S. military academy in 1847, and assigned to the 3d artillery. After serving for a short time as assistant instructor of artillery at West Point, he joined his regiment at the City of Mexico, where he remained in 1847'8. After doing frontier and garrison duty at various posts, he was again instructor at West Point in 1853'4, and adjutant of the academy in 1854'9. He was made assistant adjutant general on 16 March 1861, was chief of staff to General Irwin McDowell in that year, and to General Don Carlos Buell in 1861'2, taking part in the battles of Bull Run, Shiloh, and Corinth, the movement to Louisville, Kentucky, and the pursuit of General Bragg through the southeastern part of that state, He was made provost marshal general of the United States, with headquarters at Washington, on 17 March 1863, and given the staff rank of brigadier general, 21 April 1864.
Both these commissions expired on the abolition of the office of provost marshal general on 30 August 1866; during that time General Fry put in the army 1,120,621 men, arrested 76,562 deserters, collected $26,366,316.78, and made an exact enrollment of the National forces. On 13 March. 1865, he was brevetted major general, U. S. army, for "faithful, meritorious, and distinguished services." He was adjutant general, with the rank of colonel, of the divisions of the Pacific in 1866'9, the South in 1869'71, the Missouri in 1871'3, and the Atlantic from 1873 till 1 June 1881, when he was retired from active service at his own request.
He is now (1887) a resident of New York City. Gen Fry's "Final Report of the Operations of the Bureau of the Provost Marshal general in 1863'6" was issued as a congressional document (2 parts, Washington, 1866). He has also published "Sketch of the Adjutant General's Department, U. S. Army, from 1775 to 1875" (New York, 1875); " History and Legal Effects of Brevets in the Armies of Great Britain and the United States, from their Origin, in 1692, to the Present Time" (1877); "Army Sacrifices," illustrating army life on the frontier (1879); " McDowell and Tyler in the Campaign of Bull Run" (1884); " Operations of the Army under Buell" (1884); and "New York and Conscription " (1885).
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