Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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TAYLOR, James Barnett, clergyman, born in Barton-on-Humber, England, 19 March, 1819; died in Richmond, Virginia, 22 December, 1871. He was brought in his infancy to the United States, and received his early education in New York city, whence his parents removed about 1818 to Mecklenburg county, Virginia After passing through an academical course, he became a Baptist home missionary, and in 1.826 was chosen pastor of a church in Richmond, Virginia, where he soon acquired a high reputation as a preacher. In 1839-'40 he officiated as chaplain of the University of Virginia. Returning to Richmond, he served as a pastor there for five years longer. He labored also as a missionary, and in 1845, soon after the organization of the Southern Baptist convention, became its corresponding secretary. This office he filled till within a few weeks of his death, travelling constantly, preaching throughout the south, and editing the "Religious Herald" for a short time, and subsequently the "Southern Baptist Missionary Journal" and the "Home and Foreign Journal," both of which he founded, and the "Foreign Mission Journal." He was pastor also of the Baptist church at Taylorsville, Hanover County, Virginia, till the civil war began. During the war he labored as a colporteur in camps and hospitals, and for three years as Confederate post-chaplain. After its close he exerted himself to revive the missions of the Southern Baptist convention, and took much interest in the education of the freedmen, preaching often to colored congregations, and conferring with the secretary of the Freedmen's bureau with regard to the best plans for assisting the emancipated slaves. He was one of the originators of the Virginia Baptist education society, and a founder of Richmond college. His chief published works were "Life of Lot Cary" (Baltimore, 1837) ; "Lives of Virginia Baptist Ministers "(Richmond, 1837) ; and "Memoir of Luther Rice, one of the First Missionaries in the East" (1841). He had nearly completed before his death a " History of Virginia Baptists." See "Life and Times of James B. Taylor," by his son, George B. Taylor (Philadelphia, 1872). His wife was a daughter of Elisha Scott Williams.--Their son, George Boardman, clergyman, born in Richmond, Virginia, 27 December, 1832, was graduated at Richmond college, taught for a short time, and then studied three years at the University of Virginia, at the same time serving as pastor of two Baptist churches in the vicinity. He was graduated in most of the schools in the university, was pastor for two years in Baltimore, Maryland, then for twelve years at Staunton, Virginia, leaving his church during the campaign of 1862 to act as chaplain to Stonewall Jackson's corps. Subsequently, till the close of hostilities, he officiated as post-chaplain in conjunction with his pastorate. In 1869 he was chosen chaplain of the University of Virginia for the usual period of two years, after which he returned to his former church at Staunton, of which he again took leave in 1873, on being appointed by the mission board of the Southern Baptist convention missionary to Rome, Italy. He was co-editor of the "Christian Review" for two years, and since 1876 he has been one of the editors of "H Seminatore," a monthly Baptist magazine published in Rome. The degree of D. D. was given him by Richmond college and the University of Chicago in 1872. His publications include "Oakland Stories" (4 vols., New York, 1859-'65); "Costar Grew" (Philadelphia, 1869) ; "Roger Bernard, the Pastor's Son" (1870) ; and "Walter Ennis," a tale of the early Virginia Baptists (1870).
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