Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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DE KRAFFT, James Charles Philip, naval officer, born in the District of Columbia, 12 January 1826; died there, 29 October 1885. He was appointed midshipman from Illinois in 1841, and attached to the frigate " Congress," in the Mediterranean squadron. During the Mexican war he took part in the first attack on Alvarado in 1846. He was commissioned lieutenant, 15 September 1855, and detailed to the command of the frigate "Niagara" in 1860, in which vessel he was present at the assault on Fort McCrean, one of the defenses of Pensacola, the following year. In 1862'3 he was on duty in the navy yard at Washington, and commanded the steamer " Conemaugh," Western Gulf blockading squadron, in 1864'6, during which period he assisted in the operations against Fort Powell, Mobile bay. Commissioned as commander in 1866, and as captain in 1872, he served subsequently as captain of the "Hartford," as chief of staff of the Asiatic station, and had charge of the Washington and Philadelphia navy yards. He was promoted to the rank of rear admiral in June 1885.
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