Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
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COLLETON, James, colonial governor of South Carolina. He was a brother of one of the proprietaries, and was appointed governor with the rank of landgrave, and endowed with 48,000 acres of land, in 1686. He was expected to assert the authority of the proprietaries and secure the enforcement of laws in the constitutions that were disregarded by the colonists. The parliament, which had been elected before his arrival, refused to acknowledge the binding force of the constitutions. Colleton thereupon excluded the members of the majority from the legislative halls, and these protested against any acts that night be passed by the remaining members. In 1687 a new parliament was elected that was even less tractable. Colleton endeavored to collect quit-rents on unimproved land as well as on cultivated fields; but the assembly imprisoned the secretary of the colony, seized the records, and defied the governor and proprietaries. In 1689 Colleton, under pretext of threatened danger from the Spaniards or Indians, called out the militia and proclaimed martial law. Shortly after the English revolution the colonists rose against his despotism, and the legislative assembly impeached and disfranchised Colic-ton, and banished him from the province.
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