Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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COOPER, James, senator, born in Frederick county, Maryland, 8 May, 1810; died in Camp Chase, near Columbus, Ohio, 28 March, 1863. He studied at St. Mary's College, and was graduated at Washington College, Pennsylvania, in 1832, after which he studied law with Thaddeus Stevens. In 1834 he was admitted to the bar, and began to practice in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania He was elected to congress as a Whig, and served for two terms, from 2 December, 1839, till 3 March, 1843. He was a member of the state legislature during the years 1843, 1844, 1846, and 1848, and its speaker in 1847. In 1848 he was made attorney general of Pennsylvania, and he was elected to the United States senate as a Whig, holding office from 3 December, 1849, till 3 March, 1855. On the expiration of his term he settled in Philadelphia, and later in Frederick City, Maryland Soon after the beginning of the civil war he took command of all the volunteers in Maryland, and organized them into regiments. On 17 May, 1861, he was made brigadier-general in the volunteer service, his appointment being among the first that were made during the war. Later he was placed in command of Camp Chase, where he served until his death.
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