Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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DOUGLAS, James, Canadian physician, born in Brechin, Scotland, 20 May 1800; died in New York, 14 April 1886. He received his early education in Aberdeen and Dumfries, and after a period of apprenticeship with a surgeon was appointed surgeon to a vessel bound for Greenland. Subsequently he passed two winters in study in Edinburgh, and in 1820 was admitted to the Royal College of surgeons of that City, and soon afterward to the Royal College of surgeons, London. After serving in India as assistant surgeon of the Indian army, and in the fated expedition to the Mosquito territory, from the coast of which he was rescued and taken to Ilavana, he came to New York in 1824, and after a short residence there and in Utica was appointed lecturer on anatomy to the Auburn medical institution. In 1826 he arrived in Quebec, and during the succeeding twenty-five years practiced there, attaining the highest rank as a surgeon and physician. In 1845 he, together with Drs. Martin and Fremont, founded the lunatic asylum at Beauport, near Quebec, the institution being managed by Dr. Douglas. He was an enthusiastic traveler and antiquarian.
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