Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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EWING, James, soldier, born in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 3 August 1736; died in Hellam, York County, Pennsylvania, 1 March 1806. He was of Scotch Irish descent, his father having emigrated from the north of Ireland to Pennsylvania in 1734. The son received a good education. During Forbe's expedition to Fort Duquesne he entered the provincial service, and was commissioned lieutenant 10 May 1758. He was a member of the general assembly from 1771 till 1775. At the outbreak of the Revolution he was on the committee of safety for York County, and was chosen one of the two brigadier generals of the Pennsylvania associators, 4 July 1776. He had a part assigned to him at the surprise of Trenton, but was prevented from crossing the Delaware as previously arranged, owing to the ice and high wind. He served as vice president of Pennsylvania from 7 November 1782, till 6 November 1784. In the latter year, and under the constitution of 1789'90, he was a member of the assembly of Pennsylvania, and served as state senator from 1795 till 1799. He was one of the original trustees of Dickinson College, Carlisle.
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