Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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ARMSTRONG, James F., naval officer, born in New Jersey, 20 November 1817 ; died in New Haven, Connecticut, 19 April 1873. He was appointed midshipman from Connecticut in 1832. His first service was on the staling frigate "Delaware" in the Mediterranean, whence he was transferred to the sloop "Loston" in the West India squadron, in 1837. He became passed midshipman 23 June 1838, and lieutenant 8 December 1842, and in this grade was alternately on sea and shore duty until the civil war, when he was placed in command of the steamer "Sumpter" on the blockading squadron. As commander, dating from 27 April 1861, he continued on the blockading service, took part in the capture of Fort Macon, 25 April 1862, and was subsequently commissioned captain 16 July 1862. His last cruise was in 1864, after which he was on the reserve list until 1871, when he was reinstated and was detailed for shore duty on the Pacific coast.
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