Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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FITZGIBBON, James, British soldier, born in 1780; died about 1860. He was almost wholly self-educated, was the son of a farmer, and enlisted in the army when He was seventeen years old. He served in the war against Napoleon I., and in the American war of 1812'15, and in 1816 retired as captain of the Glengarry, Canada, fencibles. He afterward became assistant adjutant general of militia in Upper Canada. In 1837, during the Mackenzie rebellion, his foresight and precautionary measures saved the City of Toronto from the disaffected, for which service he was awarded 5,000 acres of land by the City council, received the thanks of parliament, and the present of a valuable sword. The grant of land was subsequently disallowed. General Fitzgibbon was chief clerk of the lower house of the Canadian parliament in 1816'29, and clerk of the upper house in 1829'35. In 1850 he was created a military knight of Windsor, and subsequently resided in England.
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