Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GARRARD, James, governor of Kentucky, born in Stafford County, Virginia, 14 January 1749; died in Bourbon County, Kentucky, 9 January 1822. While engaged as a militia officer in the Revolutionary war he was called from the army to a seat in the Virginia legislature. Here he was a zealous advocate of the bill for the establishment of religious liberty. Having removed with the early settlers to Kentucky, in 1783, and settled on Stoner River, near Paris, he became there a political leader, and was a member of the convention which framed the first constitution of the state. Here he was ordained to the Baptist ministry. In 1791, pending the convention just named, he was chairman of a committee that reported to the Elkhorn Baptist association a memorial and remonstrance in favor of excluding slavery from the commonwealth by constitutional enactment. He was elected governor in 1796, and re-elected in 1800, serving eight years.--His grandson, Theophilus Touhnin, soldier, born near Manchester, Kentucky, 7 June, 1812. He was a member of the lower house of the Kentucky legislature in 1843-'4, served through the Mexican war as a captain in the 16th United States infantry, went to California, on the discovery of gold in 1849, by the overland route, remained in the mines fifteen months, and then returned by way of Panama to Kentucky. He was elected to the state senate in 1857, resigned to become a candidate for congress, and elected a state senator again in 1861. He was appointed a colonel of the 3d Kentucky United States volunteer infantry, promoted brigadier-general in March, 1863, and mustered out on 4 April, 1864.--A great-grandson, Kenner, soldier, born in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1830; died there, 15 May, 1879, was graduated at the United States military academy in 1851, entered the dragoons, became a captain on 3 March, 1855, was engaged in frontier service in Texas, and captured by the Confederates on 12 April, 1861, being placed on parole until exchanged as a prisoner of war on 27 August, 1862. He served meanwhile as instructor and commandant of cadets at West Point. He was commissioned on 27 September, 1862, as colonel of the 146th regiment of New York volunteers, and engaged in the principal battles of the Rappahannock and Pennsylvania campaigns. On 23 July, 1863, he was promoted brigadier-general of volunteers, took part at Rappahannock Station and in the Mine Run operations, and in 1864 commanded a cavalry division of the Army of the Cumberland, and participated in the operations around Chattanooga and the invasion of Georgia, being constantly engaged in detached expeditions. He was brevetted colonel in the United States army for services in the expedition to Covington, Georgia From December, 1864, till the end of hostilities he commanded the 2d division of the 16th army corps. He distinguished himself at the battle of Nashville, earning the brevets of major general of volunteers and brigadier-general in the regular army, participated in the operations against Mobile, led the storming column that captured Blakely, and was in command of the district of Mobile until after he was mustered out of the volunteer service on 24 August, 1865. He received the brevet of major general, United States army, for services during the war. On 9 November, 1866, he resigned his commission in the regular army.
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