Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
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GRAHAME, James, historian, born in Glasgow, Scotland, 21 December 1790; died in London, England, 3 July, 1842. He was graduated at St. John's College, Cambridge, and in 1812 was admitted an advocate at the Scottish bar. After practicing for fourteen years, and finding that his health required a residence in a milder climate, he removed to the south of England, where he began a " History of the Rise and Progress of the United States of North America till the British Revolution of 1688." The first two volumes appeared in 1827, and a new edition (4 vols.) in 1836, bringing the work down to the year 1776; but its thoroughly American spirit interfered with its success in England, and for several years it was little known in the United States. In 1841 a genial notice of the "History," by the historian Prescott, appeared in the "North American Review," in which it was styled "the most thorough work, and incomparably the best on the subject, previous to Mr. Bancroft's." A Philadelphia edition (4 vols.) was published in 1845, and one (2 vols.) in 1846-'8, the former containing a memoir of Grahame by Josiah Quincy. Mr. Quincy also published a work entitled " The Memory of the Late James Grahame, the Historian of the United States, Vindicated from the Charges of Mr. Bancroft" (Boston, 1846). In 1837 Mr. Grahame undertook to continue the "History" to the close of the Revolution, but was compelled by failing health to relinquish literary labor of all kinds. The last production of his pen was the pamphlet "Who is to Blame* or, Cursory Review of the American Apology for American Accession to Negro Slavery" (London, 1842).
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