Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
biographies contain errors and bias. We rely on volunteers to edit the historic
biographies on a continual basis. If you would like to edit this biographyplease
submit a rewritten biography in text form.
If acceptable, the new biography will be published above the 19th Century
Appleton's Cyclopedia Biography citing the volunteer editor
Virtual American Biographies
Over 30,000 personalities
with thousands of 19th Century illustrations, signatures, and exceptional life
welcomes editing and additions to the
biographies. To become this site's editor or a contributor
or e-mail Virtualology here.
GRANT, James, soldier, born in Ballendalloch, Scotland, in 1720; died 13 April, 1806. He was appointed major of the Montgomerie Highlanders in 1757, and in September, 1758, marched with 800 men to reconnoitre Fort Duquesne. Dividing his forces in order to tempt the enemy into an ambuscade, he was himself surprised and defeated, with a loss of 295 killed and prisoners. He and nineteen officers were captured. He was appointed governor of East Florida in 1760, and lieutenant colonel of the 40th foot, and sent, by General Amherst early in 1761, with a force of 1,300 regulars, to reduce the mountaineers in Carolina. In May, 1761, he led the expedition against the Cherokees, defeating them in a severe battle at Etchoe, and was promoted to a colonelcy, 25 May, 1772. In the battle of Long Island, August, 1776, he commanded the 4th and 6th brigades of the British army. In December, 1776, Lord Howe gave him the command in New Jersey at a most critical period; the American victories of Trenton and Princeton immediately followed. In 1777 he was made a major general, and commanded the 2d brigade of Howe's army; led the 1st and 2d at Brandywine, and at Germantown, 4 Oct, forced the left of the American army to give way. In May, 1778, he was detached with a strong force to cut off Lafayette on the Schuylkill, but was unsuccessful. He defeated Lee at Monmouth, and on 4 November sailed in command of the troops sent against the French West Indies. In December he took St. Lucia, and in 1791 was made governor of Stirling castle, a lieutenant-general in November, 1782, and a general in May, 1796.
This site and its contents are not affiliated, connected,
associated with or authorized by the individual, family,
friends, or trademarked entities utilizing any part or
the subject's entire name. Any official or affiliated
sites that are related to this subject will be hyper
linked below upon submission
and Evisum, Inc. review.
Please join us in our mission to incorporate America's Four United Republics discovery-based curriculum into the classroom of every primary and secondary school in the United States of America by July 2, 2026, the nation’s 250th birthday. , the United States of America: We The
People. Click Here