Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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HARLAN, James, lawyer, born in Mercer county, Kentucky, 22 June, 1800; died in Frankfort, Kentucky, 18 February, 1863. He received a public school education, and engaged in mercantile pursuits from 1817 till 1822. He then studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1823, beginning to practise in Harrodsburg. He was for four years prosecuting attorney for his circuit, and in 1834 was elected a representative in congress as a Whig, serving from 1835 till 1839. During his last session he was chairman of the committee for investigating defalcations. He was secretary of state of Kentucky in 1840-'4, a presidential elector in 1841, and a member of the legislature in 1845. In 1850 he was appointed attorney-general for Kentucky, which office he held until his death.--His son, John Marshall, lawyer, born in Boyle county, Kentucky, 1 June, 1833, was graduated at Centre college in 1850, and at the law department of Transylvania university in 1858. In 1851 he was adjutant-general of Kentucky, and in 1858 became judge of Franklin county, Kentucky He was afterward an unsuccessful Whig candidate for congress, and at the beginning of the civil war entered the Union army as colonel of the 10th Kentucky infantry. He was attorney-general of Kentucky in 1863-'7, and was the unsuccessful Republican candidate for governor of the state in 1871 and 1875. He was a member of the Louisiana commission that was appointed by President Hayes, and on 29 November, 1877, became associate justice of the United States supreme court, as successor of David Davis.--John Marshall's son, Richard Davenport, was graduated at Princeton in 1SS1, and is now (1887) in charge of the Lenox Presbyterian church on Fifth avenue, in New York city.
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