Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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SALISBURY, James Henry, physician, born in Scott, Cortland County, New York, 13 October, 1823. He was educated at Homer academy, and in 1846-'8 was assistant, and in 1849-'52 principal, chemist of the New York state geological survey. He received the degree of M. D. from Albany medical college in 1850. In 1851-'2 he lectured on elementary and applied chemistry in the New York state nor-real school at Albany. He conducted experiments and microscopical examinations, the' results of which were published in the "Transactions" of the American association for the advancement of science, and devoted himself later to the study of the causes and treatment of chronic diseases, publishing his therapeutical discoveries in the New York " Journal of Medicine." In 1864 he settled in Cleveland, Ohio, where he assisted in establishing the Charity hospital medical college, before which he lectured till 1866 on physiology and histology. He has been president of the Institute of micrology since 1878. Among his publications are a prize essay on the "Anatomy and History of Plants" (Albany, 1848); one on the "Chemical and Physiological Examinations of the Maize Plant during the Various Stages of its Growth," which was published in the New York agricultural report for 1849, and reprinted in the Ohio state reports; and "Microscopic Examinations of Blood and Vegetations found in Variola, Vaccina, and Typhoid Fever" (New York, 1865).
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