Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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JARVES, James Jackson, author, born in Boston, Massachusetts, 20 August, 1820. He was educated at the Chauncey hall school in Boston, and was prepared to enter Harvard in 1833, when failing health and impaired eyesight compelled him to give up study. Subsequently he travelled extensively through South America and the islands of the Pacific, settling in 1838 on the Hawaiian islands. In 1840 he established "The Polynesian," the first newspaper published in Honolulu, and in 1844 he received the title of director of the government press, his journal becoming the official organ of the Hawaiian islands. He returned to the United States in 1849, and soon afterward received from the Hawaiian government the appointment of special commissioner to negotiate treaties with the United States, France, and Great Britain. In 1851 he visited Europe, and subsequently resided in Florence, where he was engaged in making art collections. Of these his art gallery of old Italian masters now forms part of the collection of the Yale school of the fine arts, while a second collection of old masters and antique sculpture belongs to the Holenden gallery in Cleveland, and his specimens of antique and modern Venetian glass were presented by him to the Metropolitan museum of art in New York. His work gained for him an election to honorary membership in the Academia delle belle arti in Florence. From 1879 till 1882 he was United States vice-consul and acting consul in Florence, and later became the commissioner of Italy at the Boston foreign exhibition of 1882-'3, for which in 1887 he was made a knight of the order of the crown of Italy. In 1886 his collection of laces, stuffs, embroideries, costumes, and other textile fabrics, embracing specimens made in the 12th century and till the present time, were sold in New York. Mr. Jarves has contributed to periodical literature, and has published "History of the Hawaiian or Sandwich Islands" (Boston and London, 1843); "Scenes and Scenery in the Sandwich Islands" (1844); "Parisian Sigh¢s and French Principles seen through American Spectacles" (2 vols., New York, 1853); "Art Hints, Architecture, Sculpture, and Painting" (1855); "Kiana, a Tradition of Hawaii" (Boston, 1855); "Italian Sights and Papal Principles seen through American Spectacles" (New York, 1855): "The Confessions of an Inquirer" (3 parts, Boston, 1857-'69); "Art Studies: The Old Masters of Italy" (New York, 1861); "The Art Idea, Sculpture, Painting, and Architecture in America" (Boston, 1866); "Art Thoughts: The Experiences and Observations of an American Amateur in Europe" (1869); "Glimpses at the Art of Japan" (New York, 1876); and "Italian Rambles " (1884).
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