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LANMAN, James, lawyer, born in Norwich, Connecticut, 13 June, 1769; died there, 7 August, 1841. He was graduated at Yale in 1788, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1791, and began practice in his native town. He was state's attorney for New London county from 1814 till 1819, a member of the lower branch of the legislature in 1817 and again in 1832, a delegate to the convention that framed the first constitution for Connecticut in 1818, and was elected to the state senate in 1819. Mr. Lanman was subsequently elected to the United States senate as a Democrat, serving from 6 December, 1819, till 3 March, 1825. From 1826 till 1829 he was judge of the supreme and superior courts of Connecticut, and for several years was mayor of Norwich. His second wife was the mother of Park Benjamin, the author.--His son, Charles James, lawyer, born in Norwich, Connecticut, 5 June, 1795; died in New London, Connecticut, 25 July, 1870, was graduated at Yale in 1814, and admitted to the bar in 1817. He was soon afterward invited by Henry Clay to settle in Kentucky, but preferred to emigrate to Michigan, on the solicitation of General Lewis Cass. Locating at Frenchtown (now Non-roe), on Raisin river, he held many offices, including those of attorney for the territory, judge of probate, and inspector of customs. He was appointed by President Monroe in 1823 receiver of public moneys for the district of Michigan, reappointed by President John Quincy Adams, and continued in office eight years, he was a founder of Tecmnseh, Michigan, a commissioner to locate many county-seats in the state, and the surveyor and once the sole owner of the land where the city of Grand Rapids now stands. Although not a practical farmer, he at one time cultivated two farms, and was the first to import the best breeds of blooded horses from Kentucky and Virginia. In 1835 he returned to Norwich, and in the panic of 1837 lost the greater part of his property. In 1838 he was chosen mayor of his native town, and filled other local offices. In 1862 he removed to New London, where he remained until his death.--Another son, James Henry, born in Norwich, Connecticut, 4 December, 1812; died in Middletown, Connecticut, 10 January, 1887, was educated at Washington (now Trinity) college, studied law at Harvard, was admitted to the bar, and practised at Norwich, New London, and Baltimore, Md. He then removed to New York, and devoted himself to literature. Visiting Michigan a short time before it was made a state, on the invitation of his brother, he became interested in the court-try and its people, spent one or two years there, and published a " History of Michigan, Civil and Topographical" (New York, 1839), which was subsequently issued by Harper and Brothers in their "Family Library," under the title "History of Michigan from its Earliest Colonization to the Present Time" (1842). He contributed to the "National Portrait Gallery" (1861), the " North American " and "American Quarterly" Reviews, and the "Jurist." For several years he was also one of the chief writers for " Hunt's Merchants' Magazine." Failing health compelling him to give up all literary work, he retired to his native town, where he resided until his death.--Charles James's son, Charles, born in Monroe, Michigan, 14 June, 1819, received an academical education, and had been ten years in a business-house in Yew York city when he returned to Michigan, and in 1845 took charge of the "Monroe Gazette." The following year he was associate editor of the Cincinnati "Chronicle," and in 1847 was an assistant on the New York " Express." In 1849 he was librarian of the war department at Washington, in 1850 librarian of copyrights and private secretary of Danal Webster (at whose request he resigned his official employment), in 1853 examiner of depositaries for the southern states, in 1855-'7 librarian and head of the returns office in the interior department, in 1866 librarian of the house of representatives, and from 1871 till 1882 secretary to the Japanese legation. He studied painting with Asher B. Durand, and, although only an amateur, was elected an associate of the National academy of design in 1846, and has frequently exhibited paintings and sketches from nature in oil. Among his pictures are "Brookside and Homestead," "Home in the Woods" (1881), and "Frontier Home" (1884). He has contributed frequently to English and American journals, and was one of the first to describe in book-form the scenery of the rive]: Saguenay and of the mountains of North Carolina, being called by Washington Irving "the picturesque explorer of the United States. Among Mr. Lanman's published works are "Essays for Summer Hours" (Boston, 1842); "Letters from a Landscape-Painter" (1845)" "A Summer in the Wilderness" (New York, 1847) "A tour of the River Saguenay (Philadelphia and London, 1848)" "Letters from the Alleghany Mountains " (New York, 1849)" "Haw-ho-noo, or Records of a Tourist" (Philadelphia, 1850)" " Private Life of Daniel Webster" (New York and London, 1852)" "Adventures in the Wilds of America" (2 vols., Philadelphia, 1856" London, 1859); " Dictionary of Congress" (Philadelphia, 1858" Washington, published by order of congt'ess, 3 eds., 1862-'4" Hartford, 2 eds.. 1868-'9); "Life of William Woodbridge" (Washington, 1867)" " Red Book of Michigan" Detroit, 1871)" "Resources of America" compiled for the Japanese government (Washington, 1872)" " The Japanese in America" (New York and London, 1872) "Biographical Annals of the Civil Government of the United States" (Washington, 1876" 2d ed., revised, New York, 1887)" "Life of Octavius Perinehief " (Washington, 1879) . "Curious Characters and Pleasant Places" (Edinburgh, 1881)" " Leading Men of Japan " (Boston, 1883); "Farthest North " (New York. 1885)" and " Haphazard Personalities" (Boston, "1886). He has edited "The Prison Life of Alfred Ely" (New York, 1862), and the "Sermons" of Reg. Octavius Perinchief (2 vols., Washington, 1879).
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