Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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LITTLE, James Laurence, surgeon, born in Brooklyn, New York, 19 February, 1836; died in New York city, 4 April, 1885. He was graduated at the College of physicians and surgeons, New York city, in 1860, and appointed junior assistant at the New York hospital, where he subsequently became senior assistant and house surgeon. Two years later he was made surgeon-in-charge of the Park barracks. In 1863 he was appointed clinical assistant to Dr. Willard Parker in the College of physicians and surgeons, and the following spring he began the delivering of a series of lectures, the first being on "Fractures and their Treatment." This series was continued until 1868, when he was appointed lecturer on operative surgery and surgical dressings, which office he held for ten years. In 1875 he accepted the chair of surgery in the University of Vermont, although continuing to reside in New York. He was also appointed consulting surgeon in the Northwestern dispensary, and attending surgeon to both St. Luke's and St. Vincent's hospitals. In 1880 he was chosen professor of clinical surgery in the medical department of the University of the city of New York, but resigned in 1882, and was appointed professor of surgery in the New York post-graduate medical school, which office he held until his death. He was a member and fellow of numerous medical societies, and is the author of several professional papers of importance. Dr. Little introduced into this country the treatment of fractures by the plaster-of-Paris splint. He had a large experience in cases of stone in the bladder, and was the first, in 1872, to puncture that organ with the aspirator The median operation was performed by him more, frequently than by any other American surgeon. In the spring of 1864 he joined in the movement in New York for sanitary reform, and was instrumental in the formation of its board of health.
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