Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GARDNER, James L., naval officer, born in Pennsylvania in 1802; died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 13 April, 1881. He entered the United States navy as a midshipman on 10 May, 1820, and was commissioned as lieutenant on 17 May, 1828, while serving as navigating officer of the "Vincennes" in a cruise around the world. From 1845 till 1848 he commanded the receiving-ship at Philadelphia, and in May, 1850, sailed in command of the brig" Porpoise " for the coast of Africa, where he remained three years, he was commissioned commander on 17 May, 1851, and captain on 19 May, 1861, assigned to the steam frigate "Susquehanna," of the North Atlantic blockading squadron, and was present at the capture of Port Royal. For his services on that occasion, and in the blockade of South Carolina and Georgia, a vote of thanks was carried in the house of representatives at the recommendation of President Lincoln, but it was lost in the senate. He commanded the Eastern Gulf blockading squadron from May, 1862, till the December following, when he was prostrated by yellow fever at Key West. In May, 186;3, he took command of the West India squadron, which was withdrawn in October, 1864. He was promoted to the rank of commodore on 16 July, 1862, and rear-admiral on 25 July, 1866, when he was retired from active service.
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