Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
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MONCRIEFFE, James, soldier, born in the county of Fife, Scotland; died in Dunkirk, France, 7 September, 1793. He was educated for the army at Woolwich as a military engineer. After passing through several grades he was promoted captain, and ordered to New York. As he was related by marriage to Governor William Livingston and other Americans of high station, the Whig leaders entertained the hope that he would espouse their cause, but he adhered to the crown, and in 1776 was with Lord Percy on Staten island. In 1778 he was taken prisoner at Flatbush, Long Island, by a party that went from the New Jersey shore in boats expressly to seize him and other persons of note. During the campaign in the south he performed valuable service in his department, notably in the defence of Savannah, Georgia, General Prevost commending him to the official notice of his superiors in the most laudatory terms. He was in consequence commissioned lieutenant-colonel, 27 September, 1780, and received "a very generous donation from his royal master." Colonel Moncrieffe also planned the defensive works at Charleston, South Carolina, and was warmly complimented there for by Sir Henry Clinton. At the evacuation he appears to have been guilty of an act that greatly tarnished his repu-ration. Eight hundred slaves, employed by him in engineering work, were shipped to the West Indies by his direction and, as it is also asserted, for his benefit. At the end of the war he returned to England, and was killed in a sally that was made by the French from Dunkirk during the siege of that city by the Duke of York.
MONDELET, Charles Joseph Elzear, Canadian jurist, born in St. Charles, Lower Canada, 27 December, 1801 ; died in January, 1877. He is the grandson of Dominique Mondelet, a French army surgeon who came to Canada before the conquest. He was educated at the colleges of Nicolet and Montreal, completing his course at the latter, and was afterward employed as an assistant by the astronomical commission that was appointed to ascertain the position of the boundary-line between the United States and Canada under the treaty of Ghent. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1822, and practised at Three Rivers, and after 1830 in Montreal. He was appointed district judge for Terrebonne, L'Assomption, and Berthier in 1842, circuit judge at Montreal in 1844, judge of the superior court in 1849, of the seigniorial court in 1855, and assistant judge in appeals, court of Queen's bench, in 1858. He took an active part in political controversies, and was arrested for political offences in 1828 and 1838, but was never tried. He published "Lettres sur l'Education" (1840).
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