Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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MOORE, James, governor of South Carolina, born in Ireland about 1640; died in Charleston, South Carolina, in 1729. He was the descendant of Roger Moore, the leader of the Irish rebellion in 1640. He emigrated to this country in 1665, settled in Charleston, South Carolina, and in 1700 was governor of the state. He married in the year after his arrival the daughter of Sir John Yeamans. They had ten children.-Their son, James, soldier, born in Charleston, South Carolina, in 1667; died near Cape Fear. N. C., 10 November, 1740, early acquired military renown in his campaigns against the Indians. In 1702 he undertook an expedition against the Spaniards in St. Augustine, Florida, that proved unsuccessful and entailed a heavy burden on the colony, to meet which the first paper money used in South Carolina was issued under the name of bills of credit. The next year he commanded an expedition against the Appalachian Indians, who had done great injury in the Cape Fear. N. C., region, completely subdued them, and in 1713 was in charge of the forces that were sent by Governor Charles Craven to the aid of the settlers, whose lands had been ravaged by the Tuscaroras. In 1719, on the deposition of Robert Johnson, he was elected governor of the state, the office the latter had occupied; Arthur Middleton succeeded him the same year, and Moore subsequently became attorney-general and judge of the admiralty court, and was speaker of the South Carolina assembly in 1721-'5. He removed to North Carolina about 1735, and settled near Cape Fear.--Another son, Maurice, soldier, born in Charleston, South Carolina, about 1670; died in Cape Fear, North Carolina, after 1740, accompanied his brother James in his expedition against the Cape Fear Indians in 1713, commanded a troop of horse under Governor Charles Eden, and did good service against the Indians. He was one of the first settlers of the Cape Fear region.--Maurice's son, Maurice, jurist, born in Brunswick county, North Carolina, in 1735; died in Wilmington, North Carolina, 15 January, 1777, early won reputation at the bar, and was one of the three colonial judges of North Carolina at the beginning of the Revolution, having been appointed with Richard Henderson and Martin Howard in March, 1758. He joined the patriot cause at the beginning of the struggle, denounced the high-handed measures of Governor Tryon in a series of letters signed "Atticus," and in coil-sequence was recommended by him for removal, but continued on the bench until the Revolution closed the courts. So great was his popularity that, during the Hillsborough riots in 1770, he was unmolested. He was a member of the provincial house of burgesses in 1775-'6, one of a committee to draw up an address to the people of Great Britain on the wrongs of the North American colonies, and materially aided in forming the state constitution. His death and that of his brother James occurred at the same hour in adjoining rooms.--Another son of the first Maurice, James, soldier, born in New Hanover, North Carolina, in 1737" died in Wilmington. N. C., 15 January, 1777, was a captain of artillery under Governor Tryon at the defeat of the regulators at Alamance in 1771, colonel of the 1st regiment of North Carolina troops that was raised for the defence of the state, and in February, 1776, was in command of the forces, a part of which. under Colonel Richard Caswell and Colonel John A. Lillington, won the first victory of the Revolution at Moore's creek bridge, near Wilmington, over 1,500 Scotch Tories. He was promoted brigadier-general for this exploit, made commander-in-chief of the southern department, and received the thanks of congress. He died of a fever on his way to join Washington.--The second Maurice's son, Alfred, jurist, born in Brunswick county, North Carolina, 21 May, 1755; died in Bladen county, North Carolina, 15 October, 1810, was educated in Boston, where he acquired a knowledge of military tactics, and declined a commission in the royal army. He was admitted to the bar when he was twenty years old, but relinquished his profession to join the army" was made captain in the 1st North Carolina regiment in 1775, of which his uncle Jalnes was colonel, and participated in the battles of Charleston and Fort Moultrie. He subsequently raised a troop of volunteers that did good service in harassing Lord Cornwallis in his march from Guilford to Wilmington While the British occupied that town, they destroyed all his property, and at the end of the Revolution he was without means to support his family. He was elected by the North Carolina legislature state attorney-general in 1792, and he rose to high rank in the profession. He was called to the bench in 1798, and the next year was appointed by the president an associate justice of the supreme court of the United States, but he resigned in 1805 on account of the failure of his health.--Alfred's son, Alfred, lawyer, born in Brunswick county, North Carolina, in 1783" died there, 28 July, 1837, possessed brilliant oratorical gifts, became an eminent lawyer, and was frequently elected a member and several times speaker of the legislature.
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