Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MURRAY, James, soldier, born in Rhode Island about 1765; died in Calcutta, India, in 1806. In consequence of a quarrel with his family, he went to sea in early life, changing his name from Lillibridge to Murray. He entered the service of Holka, the Mahratta chief, in 1790, and soon became noted for his brilliant exploits and military skill, but he incurred the displeasure of his chief by his humanity to a party of British officers, and after fifteen years' service left him and, raising a large, force, occupied an extensive district as its reigning sovereign. When the war between the British and Scindia began, Murray joined Lord Lake with 7,000 cavalry, and was employed in many dangerous and important services. At the siege of Bhurtpore he was continually in action, and he was considered the best partisan officer in the army. At-the close of the war, having accumulated a large fortune, he determined to return to this country. At a splendid entertainment that was given by him a few days before his intended departure he mounted a favorite Arabian horse and endeavored to leap over the dining-table, a feat that he had frequently performed on other occasions for the entertainment of his guests. But the animal entangled his feet in the carpet, and threw his rider, who died from the injuries that he received. Murray was regarded as the best horseman in India, and was unrivalled in the use of the broad-sword.
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