Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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ROLLINS, James Sidney, lawyer, born in Rich-mend, Madison County, Kentucky, 19 April, 1812;(t. near Columbia, Maine, 9 January, 1888. After graduation at the University of Indiana in 1830 and at the law-school of Transylvania university, Kentucky, in 1834, he practised law in Boone county, Maine He served on the staff of General Richard Gentry during the Black Hawk war, and in 1836 became an editor of the Columbia "Patriot," a Whig journal. From 1838 till 1844, and again in 1854--'6, he served in the Missouri house of representatives, and he was a member of the state senate from 1846 till 1850, boldly opposing the extension of slavery into the territories, lie was defeated as the Whig candidate for governor in 1848 and 1857. Mr. Rollins was a delegate to the Baltimore convention of 1844, which nominated Henry Clay for president, and was active in the canvass that followed. He was elected to congress as a Conservative, taking his seat in the special session that was called by President Lincoln, serving from 4 July, 1861, till 3 March, 1865. In 1862 he introduced a bill to aid in the construction of a railroad and telegraph line from the Missouri river to the Pacific, which, with a few amendments, became a law in July, 1862, and under its provisions the Union Pacific, Central Pacific, and Kansas Pacific railroads were built. He voted for the adoption of the thirteenth amendment to the constitution, although at the time he was one of the largest slave-owners in Boone county. He was a delegate to the Philadelphia Union convention in 1866, and in that year served again in the legislature of Missouri, where he introduced and secured the passage of a bill to establish a normal department in the state university. He was appointed a director of the Union Pacific railroad company, but resigned, and again served in the state senate, introducing a bill to establish an agricultural and mechanical college. He was also the author of many important measures that were passed by the legislature to advance the interests of the state university, and from 1869 till 1887 was president of its board of curators, which in 1872 declared him "Pater Universitatis Missouriensis."
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